Elephants live in herds similar to an extended family. They know every member of their herd and can recognize each other by sight or smell.
There are two species of elephant: The African elephant and the Asian elephant.
The Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus retired the last of its touring elephants in May 2016. They now live at Ringling’s 200-acre Center for Elephant Conservation in Florida.
Elephants are one of few species besides humans able to recognize their own reflection in a mirror.
Elephants produce a broad range of sounds, including the trumpeting noises we associate with them as well as noises so soft they are not heard by the human ear. Elephants are able to detect the low frequency sounds through their ears, feet, and trunk tip.
Elephants are known to recognize humans they have bonded with even after decades apart.
Elephants mourn their dead. They actually perform burial rituals for their lost friends and loved ones and then return to visit the grave sites. A mother elephant may not leave the body of her deceased calf for days.
Many... perhaps most... people are drawn to elephants. Maybe it's because they remind us of ourselves. Research has shown that elephants are quite human-like. They are intelligent. They develop deep social bonds. They communicate, both verbally and non-verbally. They work together to solve problems.
Here are a few interesting facts about elephants.
An elephant’s feet are designed perfectly for its massive weight. Each foot is covered with thick, tough skin and contains sponge-like tissue that works as a sort of shock absorber.
A female African elephant’s pregnancy lasts 22 months. Most have their first calf while in their teens.
Elephants cover themselves with sand and mud to protect their skin from getting sunburned - yes they do get sunburns - and to keep bugs away.