Low-fat, sugar free, organic… What do they all mean? Many of the items lining the shelves at your local market or even in your own kitchen cabinets or refrigerator make all kinds of claims and declarations. Some are based on fact, but some are misleading. We are not experts on food label terminology, but here’s a little background we’ve pulled together about some of the most common descriptors found on food packaging.
Sugar-free means the product contains less than 1/2 gram of sugar per serving.
Low-fat means the product has 3 grams of fat or less per serving. A food's serving size is considered the amount as listed on the food label.
Low-sodium means the product has 140 milligrams or less per serving.
Fat-free means the product has or less than 1/2 gram of fat per serving.
Cholesterol free means the product has fewer than 2 milligrams (mg) of cholesterol, and 2 grams or fewer of saturated fat.
Low cholesterol means the product has 20 mg or less and fewer than 2 grams of saturated fat.
No sugar added means that no sugar was introduced during the preparation, cooking, or baking process, but does not mean the product is sugar free.
Calorie-free means product has fewer than 5 calories per serving.
Organic means that at least 95 percent of a product's ingredients are organic.
High in or rich in means the product has 20 percent or more of the recommended daily value for the specified nutrient per serving.
Light or lite may be used in reference to a variety of different characteristics of a product. It often means the product has at least half as much fat or 30% fewer calories as the regular version of the food.
Low calorie means the product has 40 calories or less per serving. Low calorie prepared meals contain less than 120 calories per 100-gram serving.